Cátedra Ignacy Sachs – PUC-SP | NEF


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FEMINISM(S) AND DEGROWTH: A Midsummer Night´s Dream

Fonte: Degrowth

Corinna Dengler, Camila Rolando Mazzuca and Renda Belmallem

The Feminisms and Degrowth Alliance (FaDA) network was launched in September 2016 at the 5th International Degrowth Conference in Budapest. As an inclusive network of both academics and activists, FaDA aims at fostering a dialogue between feminists and degrowth proponents and at making feminist reasoning an integral part of degrowth activism and scholarship. Over the last two years, the network has mainly operated in form of a mailing list. In the summer of 2018, FaDA was able to continue this dialogue at both the 6th International Degrowth Conference in Malmö and at the 1st North-South Conference on Degrowth-Descrecimiento in Mexico City. In the following, we briefly present the main outcomes of FaDA’s activities at the two conferences and summarize the current state of discussion.

FaDA’s activities at the 2018 Degrowth Conferences

Both in Malmö and Mexico City, FaDA had its kick-off in a four-hour participatory session before the official opening ceremonies. The aim of these strategic meetings was to present the results of the FaDA survey circulated by Jolanda Iserlohn in January 2017 and discuss FaDA’s identity, content, logistics, common activities and – more generally – how to proceed. In Malmö, the strategic meeting was followed by three special sessions on Feminism(s) and Degrowth. A session on masculinities supplemented these sessions. In Mexico, while there was no specific FaDA special session, the topic of feminism(s) and degrowth was well present in both keynote speeches and general panels.

FaDA’s Identity

The survey showed that FaDA members are coming from and are located (nearly) all over the world, have an immense variety of activist, academic and professional backgrounds and diverse experiences in feminisms and/or degrowth in both a more theoretical and everyday-life perspective.

Following an intervention from Stefania Barca in Malmö, there has been a lively discussion whether the network’s name ‘Feminism(s) and Degrowth Alliance (FaDA)’ is misleading. Rather than a simple ‘alliance’, it was argued that feminist reasoning should be an integral part of degrowth. There was a suggestion to ‘rename’ FaDA to F&D (Feminisms & Degrowth) at the Malmö conference and many people approved. At the Mexico conference, on the other hand, there were voices who advocated for the term ‘alliance’, claiming that for now an integrally feminist degrowth approach is a project in the making, and that the term ‘alliance’ is more likely to allow for a thorough reflection of contradictions and dissent that will inevitably arise at least with some strands of feminist scholarship. We are happy to continue this discussion at future conferences, but we also want to keep in mind that the ‘name issue’ is only the tip of the iceberg and tackles at least two more fundamental concerns.

First, as Ariel Salleh pointed out in her presentation on ecofeminism in a FaDA special session in Malmö, it is clear that not all feminisms do align equally well with a degrowth paradigm. The liberal feminist agenda to integrate all women into wage work without questioning the very category of ‘work’, for example, has little in common with degrowth reasoning. According to Ariel Salleh, ecofeminism is the feminist strand closest to degrowth, even though there remains a lot of work to clarify its non-essentialist nature. In her presentation, Stefania Barca identified Maria Mies’ and Marilyn Waring’s work as fruitful for the degrowth discourse. Other likely ‘fellow travelers’ for degrowth are materialist feminism, postcolonial feminism and the more radical parts of feminist economics. A mutually enriching integration of feminist and degrowth scholarship is a project in the making and FaDA sees it as its task to contribute to this endeavor.

Secondly, both at the Malmö and the Mexico City conference, FaDA members were eager to emphasize that FaDA must not become one of the many streams within degrowth. It is of the uttermost importance to understand gender relations as cross-cutting theme that fundamentally has a say in how we conceptualize the transformation towards a socially just and ecologically sound degrowth society. The pervasiveness of unequal gender relations in the capitalist system is so historically grounded that it requires a constant and in-depth attention for its deconstruction in all degrowth-related topics.

FaDA’s Logistics

FaDA’s communication will continue via the FaDA mailing list (subscribe at fada-subscribe@lists.riseup.net). Degrowth.info will be the main platform for FaDA publications, theENTITLE blog and the Research & Degrowth website will be used to spread the word. A FaDA reading list, a list of initiatives related to FaDA and a space to store syllabi, slides and other FaDA teaching tools are some first projects.

At the moment, the coordination group is the only solid structure of FaDA. Until the summer 2018, the coordination group was constituted by Jolanda Iserlohn, Camila Rolando Mazzuca and Corinna Dengler. Today, the coordination group welcomes its new members Renda Belmallem, Anna Save-Harnack, Mariam Abazeri and Elisabeth Skarðhamar Olsen. Both the coordination group and the FaDA network are open and inclusive – we are always looking forward to welcoming new members.

FaDA’s Tentative Research Agenda

Both the survey and lively discussions at the two conferences in Malmö and Mexico City provided us with some ideas of a tentative research agenda for FaDA. Among other things it includes questions like:

(1) ‘How can care be organized in a degrowth society? Should it be remunerated or de-commodified?’

(2) ‘What do feminism and degrowth mean in the context of Southern countries? How can we learn from these experiences?’

(3) ‘How does degrowth have to be implemented to promote gender justice?’

(4) ‘How does hegemonic masculinity reproduce the capitalist growth paradigm? How can we transform masculinities in a degrowth society?’ and

(5) ‘What are feminist visions of ‘the good life’ in a degrowth society? What does emancipatory work look like in a degrowth society?’

While some of these topics were well present in the FaDA special sessions in Malmö and Mexico City (e.g. Corinna Dengler and Miriam Lang’s presentation on ‘Commoning Care in a Degrowth Society’) and in the network, other topics remained underexposed. There was a consensus that the question how masculinities relate to (de)growth should be on the future agenda of FaDA. The participatory session ‘Transforming masculinities for the degrowth transition’ hosted by Matthias Schmelzer and Dennis Eversberger in Malmö raised great interest among participants and showed the need of discussing the topic in more depth. For the conference in Mexico City, FaDA members prepared “Let’s avoid dominant masculinities / Evitemos las masculinidades dominantes”-signs and a bilingual poster that explained that masculinities and growth are closely linked and we cannot move forward a degrowth society without also talking about masculinities. The signs were to be raised silently and respectfully if someone showed excessive behaviour of dominant masculinity as a FaDA intervention to raise awareness.

Future Conferences

For future degrowth conferences we hope to have both, FaDA special sessions, but also a focus on Feminism(s) in the general program. While regarding it worthwhile to have a strategic FaDA meeting at the beginning of the conferences, we would also like to have at least one FaDA open space throughout the future conferences. This slot should be announced in the official program and also attract people who are interested but not yet involved in FaDA. On more general terms, FaDA finds it crucial to work for a better inclusivity of women scholars and feminist perspectives at International Degrowth conferences. FaDA will be happy to support the conference organizers and/or the support group with guidelines for this and to support the support and/or local organizing group.

Last but not least, from a feminist perspective it is important to FaDA that degrowth conferences are not only spaces for intellectual exchange, but are also moments of conviviality. Participatory sessions and open spaces, influencing ‘cultures’ of communication (briefing moderators, having observers…) and an active participation in the reproductive work that comes along with conferences (chopping vegetables and serving the food we eat ourselves) constitute important steps towards overcoming the theory/practice divide. FaDA also deems it crucial for the local organizers of the future conferences to invite local activist feminist groups to actively participate in the conference.

In addition, FaDA hopes to become more visible in feminist circles. FaDA sessions at feminist conferences (e.g. the 2019 IAFFE conference in Glasgow), being present at feminist meetings, editing a special issue and making contributions in feminist journals are important steps that we are currently discussing.

 


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Especialistas alertam para o recrudescimento da violência contra meninas e mulheres no país

Marcas que não se apagam, pois que matam – Especialistas alertam para o recrudescimento da violência contra meninas e mulheres no país e afirmam que encerrar o ciclo de agressões implica enfrentar o machismo de uma sociedade patriarcal.

A reportagem é de Katia Machado, publicada por Escola Politécnica de Saúde Joaquim Venâncio — EPSJV/Fiocruz, e reproduzida por EcoDebate, 14-01-2019.

Casos emblemáticos como o da advogada Tatiane Spitzner, de 29 anos, que antes de ser jogada do prédio em que morava, em Guarapuava (PR), no ano passado, foi agredida por mais de 20 minutos pelo marido Luís Felipe Manvalier, de 32, sem que ninguém denunciasse, ou da cabeleireira Tatiane Rodrigues da Silva, de 30 anos, morta a facadas em Governador Valadares (MG) pelo ex-namorado, Hamilton Ezequiel da Silva, de 33, que já tinha ficado 60 dias preso por agredi-la, retratam a última etapa de um ciclo de múltiplas violências que atinge estrutural e sistematicamente as mulheres brasileiras.

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As jovens mulheres que não estudam nem trabalham são o dobro dos homens na América Latina

As mulheres jovens latino-americanas que não estudam e não trabalham são 12,5 milhões, 27% da população total, de acordo com o estudo Millennials na América Latina e Caribe: trabalhar ou estudar?  apresentado na quinta-feira em Santiago. Os homens são 7,5 milhões, 14%. O fenômeno dos que não estudam e não trabalham “tem alto número feminino”, indica a pesquisa na qual foram entrevistadas 15.000 pessoas entre 15 e 24 anos no Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, El Salvador, Haiti, México, Paraguai, Peru e Uruguai. “Em todos os países, a proporção de mulheres que não estão inseridas no sistema educacional e no mercado de trabalho é mais do que o dobro da fração de homens nessa situação”, demonstra o projeto da fundação Espacio Público (Chile), financiado pelo Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (BID) e o Centro Internacional de Pesquisa para o Desenvolvimento do Canadá.

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Brasil concentrou 40% dos feminicídios da América Latina em 2017, diz ONU

A cada dez feminicídios cometidos em 23 países da América Latina e Caribe em 2017, quatro ocorreram no Brasil. Segundo informações da Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe (Cepal), vinculada à Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), ao menos 2.795 mulheres foram assassinadas na região, no ano passado, em razão de sua identidade de gênero. Desse total, 1.133 foram registrados no Brasil.

O levantamento também ranqueia os países a partir de um cálculo de proporção. Nessa perspectiva, quem lidera a lista é El Salvador, que apresenta uma taxa de 10,2 ocorrências a cada 100 mil mulheres, destacada pela Cepal como “sem paralelo” na comparação com o índice dos demais países da região.

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El feminicidio, la expresión más extrema de la violencia contra las mujeres

Al menos 2.795 mujeres fueron víctimas de feminicidio en 23 países de América Latina y el Caribe en 2017, de acuerdo con datos proporcionados por organismos públicos de esos países al Observatorio de Igualdad de Género de América Latina y el Caribe de la CEPAL.

El fenómeno alcanza una extensión en El Salvador que no encuentra paralelo en ningún otro país de la región, la tasa de feminicidios por cada 100.000 mujeres en el 2017 fue de 10,2, la cual es seguida por Honduras, que en 2016 registró un 5,8. En Guatemala, República Dominicana y Bolivia (Est. Plur. de) también se observaron altas tasas para el año 2017, iguales o superiores a 2 casos por cada 100.000 mujeres. Solamente Venezuela, Panamá y el Perú registran tasas inferiores al 1,0 en la región

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Las mujeres hacen escuchar la voz indígena en Argentina

TARTAGAL, Argentina, 13 nov 2018 (IPS) – La semilla la puso hace más de 20 años un grupo de mujeres indígenas que empezó a reunirse para intentar recuperar memorias de sus pueblos. Hoy también son las mujeres las grandes protagonistas de La Voz Indígena, una radio única, en el norte de Argentina, que transmite todos los días en siete lenguas.

“Al principio los dirigentes nos preguntaban por qué no nos quedábamos en casa, cuidando los hijos y a los nietos. Hoy esos hombres vienen a refugiarse bajo el techo de estas mujeres”, contó a IPS la guaraní Felisa Mendoza, en una de los amplios y coloridos salones de la emisora, decorados con murales pintados por artistas indígenas.

El edificio de dos plantas está a unos pocos metros de la terminal de buses de Tartagal, una ciudad de unos 80.000 habitantes de la provincia de Salta, a solo 50 kilómetros de la frontera boliviana.

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